John Bailey the Immigrant’s Family



John Bailey Sr. was originally listed in the preface because of his wife being listed as an - Emery - Elizabeth Emery but no documentation has beeen given. It will be retained because of all the miss-information out there and for new recearchers to the Emery - Bailey families. I am sure there is still much left to do one this line just as our Emery's.

Over the years a number of wivies names has been given for John Bailey, Sr. they have ranged from none to include:
  • Eleanor [-?-]
  • Elizabeth [-?-]
to which some added the surnames as follows:

  • Eleanor Knight - no clue as to where this name has came from. one source lists her parents as William and Jane (Langburne) Knight s she was b. 1587 Chippenham, Wiltshire, England d. Aft 28 Oct 1651 Chippenham, Wiltshire, Eng
  • Elizabeth Emery - this wife's name is based on his will dated 28 Aug. 1651 in which he styles John Emery Sr. of Newbury as "his brother". This would establish his wife as a sister of the Newbury settlers John and Anthony Emery. I have been told in the early wills that the term "brother" often times was used in common with "brother-in-law". b. Abt 1584/1587, Romsey, Hants, England parents listed as John & Agnes (Northend) Emery.
The question now in light of the new research findings given hereafter; would seem to be is why did John Bailey, Sr. use the term "brother" for John Emery, Sr, in his will? One will note that in naming his wife he did not give her name, but only refered to her as "my wife".

There has been many versions of the parents, wife, and children of John Baily the immigrant of Essex county, Massachusetts.

The family of John Baily the immigrant is listed as follows in the Essex Antiquarian - Vol. 5 No. 7,8.9 pg. 123

Descendants of John Bailey of Salisbury

John Bailey1 of Salisbury was a weaver, and is said to have come from CHippenham, Wiltshire, England, in the ship Angel Gabriel, having sailed from Bristol in April, 1635. He was cast away at Pemaquiad (now Bristol, Me.) in the great storn of Aug. 15, 1635. His wife did not come, and his son John was the only one of his children that came. He was living in Salisbury in 1640, and removed to Newbury in the spring of 1651. In Newbury he was a yeoman; and he died there Nove 2, 1651, being called "Old John Bailey". In his will he mentions "my brother John Emery, Jr., of Newbury, overseer", and devised his homestead in Salisbury to his son John.

Children born in England:
  • John b. abouth 1613; He was at first a wever, and subseqently a busandman. He lived in Salisbury until 1643, when he removed to Newbury, where he afterwards lived, being on of the selectmen in 1664. He married Eleanor Emery about 1664; and was made a freeman in 1669. His wife was engaged in the practice of mid-wifery in 1669 and 1670. He died in March, in 1669-1; and she remained his widow, administration being granted on her estate Dec. 23, 1700.
  • Robert, living in England in 1651
  • dau., living in England in 1651
  • dau., living in England in 1651

This was the forerunner of a manuscript fot the genealogy: Bailey Genealogy. James, John and Thomas and Their Descendants. In Three parts (1899) Hollis R. Bailey, editor. There were Bailey reunions held during this time as there were a listing of several reports being given 2nd>,3rd, 4th, 5th, 11th, and 13th in the NEGHS Book Loan Catalog of 1089 Janaury



New research has come to light stating John’s wife was – Ann Bailey/Bayley born about 1588 possibly a daughter of William and Elizabeth (Woolfrey) Bailey. Also this came in with the same information:
There has been so much misinformation about both the Baileys and the Emerys, espcially in the assumption that John Bailey, SR. was married to Elizabeth Knight...

Information found is that there was more than one John Bailey living in Chittoe and that OUR John was married to Ann Bailey/Bayley not Elizabeth Knight.

Also marriage records found and it turns out that it was she, not Elizabeth, who refused to come to America with her husband and son, John Bailey, Jr.
The research done by Clifford L. Stott, a professional genealogist, was published in the American Genealogist in October 2002. He has learned that the Elder John Bayley was not, in fact, married to Elizabeth or Eleanor Knight, but in truth to Ann Bailey/Bayley, possibly a daughter of William Bailey and Elizabeth Woolfrey, also of Chittoe. John Bayley and Ann Bailey were married in July 1611. She was buried there in August 1659 having "steadfastly refused to join her husband in New England for two decades". It is not proven who either of their parents were.

This line goes back to William Bailey (Bayley at that point in time) born in Chittoe in 1535. He was married to Elizabeth Woolfrey.
They are shown to have had several children, all born in Chittoe including Thomas, one of the older sons, who eventually settled in Weymouth, MA. Another son, Richard, was born around 1577-1587 and Ann born about 1588. Now, Richard had several sons, including James and Richard, born 1609 and 1613 respectively. We think that these two followed their "uncle" John and "cousin" John, Jr. to America in 1638. Richard is shown as being a passenger on the Bevis out of Southampton. However, rather than settlinig in Newbury, they ended up in Rowley, seven miles south as you probably know.

I believe that Thomas was their first born.

Another son was Richard Bayley, married to Ann Scott. They had several children including two sons, James, born about 1609 and Richard, born about 1613. These two are my great grandfather and his brother. It is said that Richard came to America on the ship Bevis (out of Southampton) in 1638 as an indentured servant to Richard Dummer who owned a plantation in the vicinity of Newbury, MA. Only problem with that is he is listed on the passenger roster as being 15 years old. I've never been able to determine how or when James arrived, but he did marry Lydia in Rowley, MA. The Rowley Library shows the marriage but lists the wife only as Lydia, no last name...
Let me state that most genealogical records, such as the LDS and ancestry.com show that James and Richard Bailey were from Yorkshire and that belief, to my way of thinking, is that they settled in Rowley rather than Newbury, for reasons unknown..

Meanwhile, perhaps something will come up with Lydia Emery. There are several entries on ancestry.com (which I'm not certain I put much faith in anymore) showing her as the daughter of John Emery and one or two showing her as the daughter of Anthony. I suspect she did come over in 1635 with the Emery family even though her name isn't shown on the passenger list. But, as I recall, neither is Eleanor's name.


m. c. 1611 John Bailey/Bayley b. 1572 Chippenham, Wiltshire, Eng. d. 2 Nov. 1651 - his parentage too also has come across as different - he has been given as the son of:
  • John and Jane Bailey;
  • Thomas
  • Thomas, the son of William and Elizabeth Woolfrey

Like another said:
Personally I think this is information that was fed to someone who has no factual evidence.... The questions go on and on and I'm not about to take anyone's word at this point unless there is PROOF. There is so much erroneous information on so many genealogy sites, including genealogy.com, ancestry.com and the LDS website that I am beginning to have little faith in what I read. One website on ancestry.com took me back from William Bayley of Chittoe, clear back to the eleventh century and, to the best of my knowledge unless you were semi-royalty records didn't even exist that far back.

There has been extensive research done into John Bayley Sr., born around 1572 in Chippenham.
Actually he was born in Chittoe, Bromham Parish in Wiltshire, near Chippenham...
We do know that John's wife never came to America. But we do know that John was ordered to go back to England to get her but he died before he could do so. Provisison's for her and the children that remained in England were made
    John Bayley of Newbury, Massachusetts, [in 1651] left and annuit of six pounds to his wife and sums of money to his children 'provided they come over hither to New England'. Bayley's executor was to pay for their passage. But if they ignored this opportunity and 'do not come over hither' they were to be virtually disinherited, with just five shillings a piece
as found in: Coming over, Migration and Communication between England and New England in the Seventeenth Century David Cressy, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge and New York 1987 (reference to the Probate Records of Essex co., Ma., Vol. 1 Salem, Ma. 1916 pg. 145) PG. 105.


He was one of the earliest of the name to immigrate to these western shores, is first heard of as being shipwrecked at Peaquid, (now Bristol), Me.; in the great storm of 15 Aug. 1635. Owing to this terrible experience he never re-crossed the ocean.

An account of this was found in The Essex Antiquarian Vol. 1 No. 6 Jun. 1897 pg. 93 as follows:
    This was the year of the great exodus from England to America...During the whole of the second week of August the wind blew from the south-southwest with considerable force. At midnight of the fourteenth of the month, its course suddenly changed by way of the southeast to the northeast, and before daybreak a northeast rain storm set in. Thecreased in violence, blowing with terrific force, and the rain fell in torrents, wid had greatly in sometimes with such fury that ill-made houses of the settler could hardly withstand its onslaughts. After the gale had continued five or six hours the wind changed to the northwest, and the tumultuous elements subsided. The wind caused the tide to rise to a height the settlers had never observed....As many vessels bearing passengers and goods to the New World were on our coast several of them were wrecked by the storm...and the ship Angel Gabriel, also from Bristol, was Dashed to pieces on Pemaquid Point....

He come from Chippenham, Eng., and was a weaver by trade. He first settled at Newbury, then just beginning, in the vicinty of Parker River.

Newbury had been settled two years, when in 1637, the venturesome and wandering spirit of John Bailey Sr., induced him to plunge further into the forest, and established a solitary home beyond the Merrimac, near the mouth of the Powow River.

Here he built his log cabin and taking with him William Scholar as help, settled in solitude and began to fish and cultivate the soil.

On an elevated plateau of land, at the easterly side of Bailey's Hill, on the banks of the Merrimac, are the ruins of an old cellar. It has been proved by old deeds that here was the homestead lot of John Bailey Sr., of about 50 acres, triangular in shape, and running to the Merrimac River on the westerly side, and to the Powow on the northerly side. The theory is that this property at Bailey's Hill was deserted by the immediate descendants of John Bailey, and the cabin built by him left to decay and ruin, until its very existence had passed from the knowledge and memories of theliving.

John Bailey Sr. was also a fisherman and the sole right of fishing in the Powow River was granted to him. It was provided, however, that a certain proportion of the fish taken be given to the town, for in those early days fish was an important article of food.

In the year 1639 began the settlement of Golchester, afterwards called Salisbury. On the lists of names of those who had lots granted to them in the town of Colchester in the first division of land is the name of John Bailey Sr.

In the year 1651 John Bailey Sr. was sentenced by the court to return to England by the next vessel or send for his wife to come over to him but the order was never obeyed as he died soon after.

By The Essex Anitquarian Vol. 1 No. 3 March 1897 pg. 48 is found part of John Bayley's will made on his sick bed 28 : 8 : 1652 as follows:

He devises to his son John Bayley "my house" and land in Salisbury "during his life, & after my sonnes death his second sonne Joseph Bayly is to enioy it, & if Joseph doth not live to enioy it, then his younger brother is to enioy it," Joseph paying to his oldest brother John Bayly 40. His son John Bayly, Executor, and his is to pay to "my wife, his mother," 6 annually, pvided she cometh over hiter to New england," and to pay "my son Robert 15, pvided also he comer over hither to New england," and 10 each to my daughter his sister," pvided they come over hither to new england,: etc. "I doe make my brother John Emery Fen of Nubery & mr. Thomas Bradbury of Salisbury overseers.: Signed by initials J.b. Wit: William Ilsley and John Emery, Jr. At the end is written: "likewise I doe give to William Huntingtons wyfe & childeren yt. house & land yt. I bought of Vallentine Rowell," etc. Proved by the witnesses at the court in Salisbury 13 : 2 : 1652

In the Essex Antiguarian Vol. 9 Mo. 12 Dec. 1900 pg. 190 gives what I think is the full will of John Bailey as follows:

The will of John Bayly of Newbury was proved in court at Salisbury 13 : 3 : 2 : 1652. The following copy was taken from the record in the Norfolk County Deed, Volume 1, leaf 15, the orginal being missing.

The 28th of ye 8th mo (1651) This is ye lafy will: of John Bayly fen: being on his fick bed hee being yett in his right minde & fences.

ffirft I giue vnto my Sonne John Bayly hy house & land lijng & being in ye Towne of Slifbury during his life; & after my fonnes death his fecond Sonne Jofepth Bayly is to enjoy it & if Jofepth doth not live to enjoy it, then his younger brother is to enjoy it, And when Jofepth Bayly or his younger brother cometh to enioy this land he is to pay his eldft brother John Bayly fome of forty pounds as his Grandfathers guift And I do liewfe make my sonne John Bayly fole Executor of all that ever I have only my Executor is to pay to my wyfe his mother ye fome of fix ppounds a yeare duering hir life pvided fhe cometh over hither to New-england, likewife my Executor is to pay to my sonne Robert fiueteene pounds pvided alfo he come over hither to New-england likewfe my Executor is to pay to my Daugghters his fifters ye fome of Tenn pounds a peece pvided they come over hither to new-england butt in cafe the doe not come over hither butt doe fende by any mefsenger for their portions, they are to haue fiue fhillings a peece for their portions whither sonne or daughter, & all thefe fomes are to bee payed according as it can bee raifed out of my land & fftocke & likefwife it is to bee pay'd to every one of them according as ye Executor & the overfeers fhall fee caufe, And farther my Executor is to pay for ye paffages of thofe yt doe come over hither, of them whither it bee wyfe or childerem, or any of them, An farther I do giue to my sonne John Baylys childeren either of them a young beft as fonne as maybee wth conveniency, & my Sonne their father is to breed thefe beafts for eve[r]y of his Childeren till thefe beafts groeth to cowes or Oxen, & then the childeren are to hue the proffitt of them And I doe make my brother John Emery fen of Nubery & Mr. Thomas Bradbury of Saliiifbury overfeers to fee as this to bee performed In wittnefs herof I doe fett to my hand ye day, & yeare aboue written
This is ye marke (J.b.) of
Jno Bayly Senior:
Wittnefs herof
William Ifley
John Emery Jun:


likwise I doe giue to |||willi|| Huntingtons wyfe & childeren yt houfe & land yt I bought of vallentine Rowell & do defier my overfeers to fee it made good to hir & hir childeren
Children attributed to John Bailey from various sources, websites etc. over the years have been as follows:
    2 Robert Bailey b. c.1612 Chippenham, Wiltshire, Eng.
      his birth has been listed as c. 1607 and 27 Feb 1613; death is given as 31 Mar 1691 Chippenham, Wiltshire, Eng.
    3 John Jr. Bailey b. 1613; m. c. 1640 Eleanor Emery d/o John and Alice       (Grantham) Emery
    4 Henry Bailey b. c. 1614 Chippenham, Wiltshire, Eng.; m. Rebecca __; d.       before 1670
    5 Mary Bailey b. c. 1617 Chippenham, Wiltshire, Eng.
    ??6 James Bailey b. c. 1618 Yorkshire co., Eng.; m. Lydia Emery [a widow?]??
      also given as b. 1618 Chippenham, Wilshire, Salisbury, England; d. 1641 Rowley, Essex, MA,
    ??7 Richard Bailey b. c. 1624 Yorkshire, Eng.; m. Ednah Hoslstead ?Lambert? ??
      in Bishoptown

      NOTE: these were treated as brothers in the original Bailey genealogy - but over the years they have been listed as sons of the immgrant John Bailey of Exxex county, Massachusettes.
    8 Joanna Bailey m. 1640 William Huntington of Amesbury, Ma. s/o Simon       and Margaret
    ? William Bailey
      b.1622 Chippenham, Wilshire, Salisbury, England bp. 26 Aug 1622 Chippenham, Wilshire, Salisbury, England
    ? [-?-] Bailey (dau.)
      b.abt 1615 Chippenham, Wilshire, Salisbury, England; d. aft. 1651 Chippenham, Wilshire, Salisbury, England
    ? [-?-] Bailey (dau.)
      b.abt 1615 Chippenham, Wilshire, Salisbury, England; d. aft. 1651 Chippenham, Wilshire, Salisbury, England

    8 Joanna Bailey m. 1640 William Huntington of Amesbury, Ma. s/o Simon and Margaret.

    They were given the property written at the end of the will as follows:
    John Bayly of Nuerie, weaver, with consent of wife Elnor, conveys to Joannah, wife of Willi. Huntington of Salisbury, planter, and Jno. Huntington and Mary Huntington, her son and daughter a dwelling house and land in Salisbury on the west side of the Pawwaus river, bounded by "jno.
    Weed & Jno. Bayley sen late of Salibury deceased," Jarret Haddon,

    Richard Wells and Merrimack river, 4 : 11mo. : 1652.

    Signed my mark E. Wit. Tho. Bradbury and the MB Mary Bradbury. Ack. before Sam. Winsley and Josiah Cobham, commissioners of Salisbury, 23 : 4 : 1653. and also William Huntington of Sailsbury, planter, with consent of wife Joannah, conveys to Jno. Bayly, sen. of Nuberry, weaver, " my now dwelling house, and land in Salisbury on the west side of the Pawwaus river, bounded by "jno. Weed & Jno. Bayley sen late of Salisbury deceased," Jarret Haddon, Richard Wells and Merrimack river, 1 : 10mo. : 1652. Signed my mark E. Wit. Tho. Bradbury and the marke of MB Mary Bradbury. Ack. before Sam. Winsley and Josiah Cobham, commissioners of Salisbury, 23 : 4 : 1653. This was also found in The Essex Antiquartian Vol. 1 No. 3 March 1897 pg. 50.

    Also found in the Essex Antiquarian Vol. 1 No. 7 July 1897 pg. 113 as follows: <
    Jno. Bayly of Nubery, weaver, with consent of my wife Ellnor, conveyed to Joannah, wife of Willi : Huntington of Salisbury, planter, and to Jno Huntington, her son and Mary Huntington, her daughter, a dewlling house and five acres of upland, bounded by Jno Wee, Jno Bayly, sen. late of Salisbury, deceased), Jarrett Haddon; also, 20 acres of upland, bounded by Richard Wells, Merrimack river; both lots being in Salisbury, on west side of Pawwaus river, 4 :11 mo.: 1652 Signed by mark. Wit.Tho : Bradbury and Mary Bardbury her MB mark. Ack. before Sam : Winsley and Josiah Cobham, commissioners of Salisbury, 23 : 4 : 1653.
      children:
      John Huntington
      Mary Huntington

    Corrections & Clarifications
    In re-reading this all I believe that someone in years past was being very over zealous in trying to connect all the Bailey's as one great family by adding these 2 men [ #6 James and #7 Richard] as being a part of the family of John Bailey Sr.'s children as listed above - but the list is as given to me back in the late 1970's and early 1980's.

    With this is makes one wonder if #4 Henry and #5 are really children of John Bailey Sr. the immigrant also. As only sons John and Robert are mentioned in his will and "daughters" with no names given excepting for the added clause to the will as follows"
      likwise I doe giue to |||willi|| Huntingtons wyfe & childeren yt houfe & land yt I bought of vallentine Rowell & do defier my overfeers to fee it made good to hir & hir childeren

    The information listed in the Essex Antiquarian - Vol. 5 No. 7,8,9 pg. 123 on John Bailey Sr. gives only four children:

    Descendants of John Bailey of Salisbury
    John Bailey of Sailsbury was a weaver, and is said to have come from Chippenham, Wiltshire, England, in the Ship Angel Gabriel, having sailed from Bristol in April, 1635. He was cast away at Pemaquid (now Bristol, Me.) in the great storm of Aug. 15, 1835. His wife did not come and his son John was the only one of his children that came. He was living in Salisbury in 1640, and removed to Newbury in the spring of 1651. In Newbury he was a yeoman; and he died there Nov. 2, 1651, being called "Old John Bailey". In his will he mentiions "my brother John Emery, Jr., of Newury, overseer"; and devised his homstead in Salisbury to his son John.
      children born in England:
      John b. about 1613; m. about 1640 Eleanor Emery; d. March 1690-1
      Robert living in England in 1651
      dau living in England in 1651
      dau living in England in 1651

    Of James #6 and Richard #7 -

    I have been sent this e-mail by a J F Bailey
    seems to disagree with the article written by Clifford L. Stott and I have copied his e-mail into this page just as was sent by him information on John Baily by DNA tests of descendants. I have not changed the content or spelling in any way.






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