John1 Bayly

John1 Bayly of Bromham, Wiltshire,
and Essex County, Massachusetts

by Clifford L. Stott, AG, CG., FASG.

The American Genealogist
ISSN 0002-8592
published by David L. Greene
P.O. Box 298 Demorest, Ga. 30535-0398
Whole Number 308 Vol. 77 No. 4 pgs. 241-7
October 2002

There has long been a tradition among Bailey descendants that John1 Bayly was a weaver from Chippenham, Wiltshire1. The story continues that John and his son John Bayly Jr., were among the castaways on the ship Angel Gabriel frpm Bristol that foundered off Pernaquid (now Bristol, Maine) on 15 August 1635. These statements were recorded as early as 1845 in Coffin's History of Newbury2. According to legend, the experience was so traumatic that John declined to make the return journey to bring over the rest of his family. In turn, his wife and children in England declined to make the voyage to New England. Recent research in the records of Massachussets and Wiltshire suggests that some elements of this story mya be accurate. It was in the parish of Bromham, six miles south of Chippenham, however, that the family was discovered.

No passenger list of the Angel Gabriel is known to exist, but John is of record in Massachusetts as early as 6 June 1637, when the constable of Newbury was ordered to apprehen "old" John Bayly and William Schooler, who were "dewelling beyond the Merrimack". No reason was given for the order, but Schooler was found guilty of the murder of Mary "Scholee" at the court held in Boston the following 19 September 3 John Bayley became an orginal proprietor of Salisbury in 1639, when the lands across the Merrimack were organized. Most of the first settlers of Salisbury, were from Wiltshire.

There is clear evidence in Essex county court files that John's wife refused to join her husband in New England. At the Quarterly Court held at Salisbury on 24 April 1649, the court decreed that "John Bayly, Sr. of Salisbury, having used sufficient means to procure his wife over from England, and she utterly redfusing to come, shall not be constrained to go over to her, using still what means he may to get her over4.

Soon afterward, John Bayly removed to nearby Newbury, where he died on 2 November 16515. Important clues to his family are found in John's will, which was executed on 28 October 1651 abnd proved the following 13 April 1652. The following items are of interest to this study:
  • Son John Bayly to receive house and land in Salisbury; appointed sole execturo
  • Wife [not named] to receive £6 per year for life "if she come over hiter to New-england."
  • Son Robert to receive £15, "p[ro]vided also he come over hither," otherwise 5s
  • Two or more daughters [not named] to receive £10 apeice, "p[ro]vided they come over hither," otherwise 5s
  • William Huntington's wife and children to receive the house and land bought of Valentine Rowel6.

John Bayly Jr., who accompanied his father to New England, was "about" 54 years old when he deposed in the case of Greene vs. Greenleaf on 25 February 1668[/9?]7. He was listed as 65 years old when he took the Oath of Allegiance at Newbury in 1678 8. Therefore, it is reasonably assured that John Bayly Jr. was born in England about 1613 or 1614.

It was also strongly suspected that John Bayly Sr. was the father of Joanna wife of William Huntington of Salisbury. John's will mentions no specific relationship to the Huntingtons, but William Huntington's wife and children were given a very generous legacy. William and Joanna Huntington were married before August 1643, when their first known child, John Huntington was born at Salisbury9. It seems likely that Joanna was born in England about 162110

To summarize the evidence found in Massachusetts sources: John Bayly r. was probably born around 1586 (based on probable age at marriage), possibly in Chippenham, Wiltshire; his wife {name unknown} was living in England as late as 1651; they had the following children:
  • John, b. in England, ca. 1614-14, living in Newbury, Mass, in 1651
  • Robert, living in England in 1651
  • A probable daughter Joanna, b. in England, say 1621-22, living in Salisbury, Mass, as wife of William Huntington in 1651.
  • Two or more daughters living in England in 1651

Searches in the parish registers of Chippenham found no evidence of John Bayly. However, a family with a remarkable similarity to that of John Bayly of Massachusetts was found in the parish of Bromham, Wiltshire, six miles south of Chippenham. A full account of the family will be given in the "Summary," below, but the following evidence from Bromham parish registers is worthy of emphasis:
  • 1 - John Bayly of Chittoe 11 in the parish of Bromham married Ann Bayly in July 1611. Among their children were:
    • John (bp. 19 Dec. 1613)
    • Robert (bp. 22 March 1617/18) and
    • Joann (bp 14 July 1622)12
    All three are mentioned in the will of John Bayly of Newbury. John and Joan are exactly the ages predicted by their records in Massachusetts, and neither has any further record in Bromam parish registers.
  • 2 - No burial of John Bayly was found in Bromham between 1630 and 1659, yet Ann was buried at Broham as a widow on 27 Aug. 1659
  • 3 - Mary, the youngest daughter of John and Ann Bayly, was baptized on 5 Dec. 1630 and buried on 18 March 16136/7, as "the daughter of Anne Bayly". The absence of her father's name on the burial entry suggests that he was dead or gone from the parish.
  • 4 - Five additional daughters of John and Ann Bayle were baptized at Broham between 1620 and 1628, but no additional sons were baptized. This is consistent with the family of John Bayly, whose will mentions daughters living in England but no sons except John adn Robert, who are specifically identfied.


    John1 Bayly, of Bromham, WIltshire, was born say 1586, and died in Newbury, Massachusetts, on 2 November 1651. John married at Broham in July 1611, ANN BAYLY. She was buried there on 27 August 1659, having steadfastly refused to join her husband in New England for more than two decades. The parents of neither John nor Ann have been determined with certainty. Clues to their identies are discussed below.

    John and Ann were both residents of Chittoe at the time of their marriage in 1611. They continued there until about 1628, when the family appeared in the neighboring village of Bowden, in Broham parish. The court rolls of Chittoe Mnor include several references to John Bayly the younger, who is believed to be the ancestral John Bayly. (The ancestor is designated "the younger" on the burial entry of his daughter Rebecca in 1612, and the baptismal entry of his son John in 1613.) On 23 September 1617, John Bayly Jr. was presented for possessing a crossbow contrary to the statues of the namor. John Bayly Sr., John Bayly Jr., and RIchard Bayly served as jurors on 21 March 1618 and again on 26 September 1618. Perhaps the most interesting entery is dated 4 April 1627, when the jury declared the John Bayly was a "common hedge stealrer...And that Ann baylyestwoe daughters were also common hedgestealers13. The meaning of "hedgestealer" has yet to be determined

    John is mentioned in Bromham parish registers on 12 April 1635, in the burial entry of his daughter Rebecca. If the family tradition is correct, John Bayly and his son John left England soon after Rebecca's burial, as they are supposed to have been passengers on the Angel Gabriel bound from Bristol to New England that wrecked off Pemaquid, Maine, on 15 August of the same year.

    By 1637 John Bayly, William Schooler, and others had taken up residence "beyond the Merrimack"but what is now Amesbury. Bayly built his home at "Sweet's Hill"/ Bayly's Pond at the foot of the hill testifies that he was present there.14 John was fined £5 by the General Court of 4 June 1639 for buying land from the Indians without authority from the court. The fie was remiited pending his forfeiture of the land.15
    John Bayly was an orighinal proprietor of Salisbury in March 1639/40. Most of the early settlers of Salisbury were Wiltshiremen. John received additional lands in the divisions of 1642 and 1643, and in 1642 he was granted fishing privileges on the PowPow River.16 The Quarterly Court held at Salisbury on 24 April 1649 freed John from the obligation of bring his wife over from England, "she utterly refusing to come". The same court freed John from military training with john paying 5s annually to the military company of Salisbury17.
    John moved to Newbury in 1650. His will was executed on 28 AOctober 1651, five days before his death. The will was proved in [Old] Norfolk County Court in Salisbury, 13 April 1652:
    The 28th of the 8th (1651)
    This is the last will of John Bayly Senr being in his sick bed hee being yett in his right minde & sences

    First I give unto my sonne John Bayly my house & land laying & being in the Town of Salisbury during his life, & after my sonnes death his second sonne Joseph Bayly is to enjoy it, & if Joseph doth not live to enjoy , then his younger brother is to enjoy it. ANd when Joseph Bayly or his younger borther cometh to enjoy this land he is to pay his eldest brother John Bayly the some of forty pounds as his Grandfathers guift And I doe likewise make my sonne John Bayly sole Executor of all that ever I have only my Executor is to pay to my wife his mother the some of six pounds a yeare duering hir life p[ro]vided she cometh over hither to New england, likewise my Executor is to pay my sonne Robert fiveteent pounds p[ro]vided also he come over hither to New england likewise my Executor is to pay my Daughters his sisters the some of Tenn pounds a peece p[ro]vided they come over hither to new england butt in case they doe not come over hither but doe send by any messenger for their protions, they are to have five shillings a peece for their portions whither sonne or daughters, & all these somes are to bee payed according as it can bee raised out of my land & stock & likewise it is to bee pay'd to every one of them accorfing as the Executor & the overseers shall see casue, And farther my Executor is to pay for the passages of those that doe come over hither, of them whiter it bee wyfe or childeren, or any of them And farther I doe give to my SOnee John Baylys Childeren either of them a young beast as sioone as maybee wth conveniency, & my sonne their father is to breed these beasts for every of his childeren till these beasts groweth to cowes or oxen & then the Cilderen are to have the proffitt of them An I doe make my brother John Emery Senr of Newbury 18 & Mr Thomas Bradbury or Salisbury overseers to see as this bee preformed In witness herof I do sett to my hand the the day & yeare above written.
    This is the marke [jb] of Jono Bayly Senior:
    witness herof
    William Isley
    John Emery Junr

    likewise I do give to Willia[am] Hiuntington wyfe & children that house & land that I bought of Vallentine ROwell. & I doe desier my overseers to see it made food to hir & hir children.

    This will was p[ro]ved upon oath by the aforesay'd witnessess att the court held att Salisbury the (13th) of the (2s) mo: (1652).
    Thomas Bradbury recd 19
    Children of John 1 and Ann (Bayly) Bayly, all bp. in Broham:
      i Rebecca 2 Bayly bp. 22 March 1611/12; bur. Brohman, 23 May 1612
      ii John Bayly, bp. 19 Dec. 1613, d. Newburym Nass, before 2 March     1680/1, when his estate was inventoried 20. He m. ca. 1840     ELEANOR 2 Emery, daughter of John 1 Emery of Newbury 21
      iii Rebecca Bayly bp. 10 March 1615/6; bur. Bromham, 12 April 1635
      iv Robert Bayly bp. 22 March 1617/8; mentioned in the hill of his       father as living in England in 1651
      v Anne Bayly bp. 17 Sept. 1620
      vi Joan Bayly bp. 14 July 1622; m. ca. 1642 William Huntington of     Salisbury22
      vii Elizabeth Bayly bp. 19 Dec. 1624
      viii Margaret Bayly bp. 3 Dec. 1626
      ix Frances Bayly bp. 2 Nov. 1628
      x Mary Bayly bp. 5 Dec. 1630 bur. Bromham 18 March 16136/7,       "daughter of Anne Bayly"
    Clues to the Parents
    of John and Ann (Bayly) Bayly

    Bayly was a common name in the parish of Bromham and surrounding area. Several different John Baylys were living concurrently in Bromham with the ancestral John Bayly. Two John Baylys appear in Chittoe Manor court rolls - John Bayly Sr. and John Bayly Jr. The ancestral John Bayly lived in Chittoe and was called "the younger" on the burial of his daughter Rebeca in 1612 and the christening of his son John in 1613.

    Bromham parish registers confirmthat a John Bayly of Chittoe was buried on 23 December 1623. The manorial court roll of 30 April 1624 shows that John Bayly deceased was a tenant for life of a messuage and tenement called Reynoldes in Chittoe. A heriot of a cow worth 40s was due and John's widow ELinor was admitted to Reynoldes during her widowhood. The roll of 1 October 1631 shows that Elinor Bayly and John Bayly surrendered the cottage called Reynoldes in Chittoe23. John was clearly the heir of John Bayly Sr., the prior holder of Reynoldes, and a son or stepson of the widow Elinor Bayly.

    Further research confirms that Elinor was the second wife of John Bayly Sr. John first married DOrothy Ward at Bromham on 6 May 1670. She was buried there on 30 November 1617, as the "wife of John Bayly the eldest of Chittow"> John married second to Elleanor Taylor in the parish of Bishops Cannings on 30 November 161824. Bishop Cannings borders Bromahm on the east.

    The theory of John1 Bayly's origin is clouded, however, by the existence ofanother John Bayly in CHittoe. This John Bayly had a wife AMy and childredn baptized in 1606, 18-9, and 1616/7. Therefore it remains uncertain which of the two Johns living in Chittoe was heir to John Bayly Sr. Furthermore, ther is no baptismal entry in Bromham for John, son of John Bayly, about the year 1586. This problem may be explained by gaps in the Broham parish registers from 17 March 1581/2 to 31 March 1583, and from September 1589 to Jul 1591.

    The identification of Ann Bayly, wife of John1 Bayly, has similar difficulties Broham parish registers list three Ann Bayly baptisms between 1580 and 1595, all daughters of WIlliam Baylys:
    • Anne, daughter of William Bayly, bp. 14 Jan. 1586/7, possibly the Anm Bayly bur. 0_ 1588
    • Anne, daughter of William Bayly bp. 5 Jan. 1588/9
    • Anne, daughter of William Bayly bp. 16 March 1588/9

    The marriage of two William Baylys are founf in Broham reisters maried Agnes Ballard on 28 June 1578; the other married Anne Squi__ September 1578. The names Anne and Agnes were frequently interchanged _ time.

    Clifford L. Stott Orem, Ut. 84907) is a contributor to TAG and a professional genealogist specializing in New England families of the English orgins of New England settlers.

    1 - The name was usually Bayly in early records but is now almost universally Bailey

    2 - Joshua Coffin, A Sketch of the History of Newbury, Newburyport, and West Newbury from 1635 to 1845 (Boston, 1845), 18, 284

    3 - Nathaniel B. Shurtleff, ed., Records of the Govenor and Company of the Massachusetts Bay in New England, 5 vols. in 6 (Boston, 1853-54), 1:199, 2002 (hereafter cited as Mass. Bay Records)

    4 - Records and Files of the Qaurterly Court of Essewx County, Massachusetts, 9 Vols. (Salem, Mass, 1911-75), 1:166 (hereafter cited as Essex co. Court Records).

    5 - Vital Records of Newbury, Massachusetts, to the End of the Year 1849, 2 vols. (Salem, Mass, 1911) 2:547

    6 - David Pulsifer, "Records of the County of Norfolk in the Colony of Massachusetts" (transcript, 1852), 1:15 (hereafter cited as Pulsifer, "Records of Norfolk Co., Mass.") [Family HIstory Libary (FHL), Salt Lake City, film #911,121].

    7 - Suffolk Co., Mass, Court file no. 924 [FHL film #911,121]

    8 - A. W. Brown, "Materials for the History of Newbury, from the Ipswich Records," The New England Historical and Genealogical Register 1 (1853):349-50, at 349

    9 - Vital Records of Salisbury, Massachusetts, to the End of the Year 1849 (Topsfield, Mass, 1915), 141

    10 - A different opinion is offered in Walter Goodwin Davis, The Ancestry of Phoebe Tilton, 1755-1847 (Portland, 1947), 179-80 (hereafter cited as Davis, Tilton Ancestry). Davis conceded that the legacy probably indicates a relationship to the Huntingtons but not as father and daughter. Other writers have considered Joanna to be a daughter of John 1 Bayly. See, for instance, David W. Hoyt, The Old Families of Salisbury and Amesbury, Massachusetts, 3 vols and supplement (Procidence, 189997-1916), 1:44, (hereafter cited as Hoyt, Old Familis of Salisbury and Amesbury).

    11 - Chittoe borders Bromham on the north, and its residents were clearly associated with the latter parish in the 16th and 17th centuries. Chittoe was later attached to the parish of Bishops Cannings, although they had no contiguous border. Chittoe became a parish in 1846.

    12 - Bromham parish register [FHL film #950,2380

    13 - Chitto Manor Court Rolls 23 Sept, 15 Jas. (1617); 31 March, 26 Sept. 16 Jas [1618]; and 4 April, 3 Chas. [1627] [FHL film #1,526k170]. Latin portions of entries were translated by Miss Eileen Simpson of Tarporley, Cheshire.

    14 - Margaret S. Rice, On These Things Founded: The History of Salsibury, Massachusetts (Haverhill, Ma., 1988), 21-6; Mass Bay Records, 1:199

    15 - Mass Bay Records, 1:266

    16 - Hoyt, Old Families of Salisbury and AMesbury, 1:44; Davis,, TIlton ANcestry. 179

    17 - Essex co. COurt Records, 1:166

    18 - "Brother" by reason of John Bayly's son, John marrying, John EMery's daughter, Eleanor

    19 - Pulsifer, "Records of Norfolk co., Mass", 1:15

    20 - Essex co., Mass., probate , O.S. 304:318-19 {FHL FIlm #960-486]

    21 - For John 1 Emery and his family, see Davis, Tilton Ancestry 185-89; and Robert, Charles Anderson, The Great Migration: Immigrants to New England, 1634-1635 vol 2, C-F, 445-52

    22 For this Huntington family, see Hoyt, Old Families of Salisbury and Amesbury, 1:213-14

    23 - Chittow Manor court rolls, 30 April Jas. (1624); 1 Oct 7 CHas. (1631)

    24 - Joseph Henry Parry, ed., The Registers of Bishop Cannings, Wiltshire (Devizes, 1906), 55

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